In the current V2X environment, many applications are designed with the purpose of sharing status messages with nearby vehicles, such as vehicle position, speed, direction, and more. Encrypting these messages may prevent the receiving party from accessing the necessary critical information, thus impacting the normal operation of the entire V2X system.
Therefore, in V2X pilot deployments, the use of encryption technology is not widespread. Instead, digital signatures are employed to prevent tampering or forgery of messages and to prove the intent of the sender.
Digital signatures have the following characteristics:
- Authentication: Digital signature technology utilizes the sender’s private key to sign the message, and the receiver verifies it using the sender’s public key to ensure the authenticity and integrity of the message.
- Integrity: If the content is tampered with after the signature is applied, the verification of the digital signature will fail, indicating that the integrity of the message has been compromised.
- Non-repudiation: Since the digital signature is generated using the sender’s private key, it serves as proof of the sender’s intent and cannot be denied afterward.
It is worth noting that digital signatures do not encrypt the content, and the content can still be read. Therefore, certificates play an important role in the digital signature process.
Certificates are issued by trusted third-party organizations and are used to verify the trustworthiness of keys and ensure the authenticity of the message source. Thus, certificates are indispensable components in V2X systems, whether for encryption or digital signatures. Certificates establish trust in the source and verify identities, ensuring the legitimacy and trustworthiness of communication entities.
In conclusion, in the current V2X environment, the application of encryption technology is not widespread. Instead, digital signatures serve as a key technology to protect the authenticity and integrity of messages, preventing tampering and forgery. The use of certificates is essential in the digital signature process to ensure the legitimacy and trust of keys.